Workholding in the Lathe by Tubal Cain (The nom de plume of the late Tom D. Walshaw) published now by Special Interest Model Books is a good small book dealing with an important subject for those of use with a lathe in the shop. The book is aimed at the model engineer and home shop machinist with a smaller lathe.
The book covers work between centers, faceplate work, general chuck work, the self centering and independent jaw chucks, “unusual chucks,” and collets, and has two other chapters on steady rests and lathe alignment.
What makes this book so useful is that it shows examples of all sorts of workpieces being chucked. Often you are faced with a puzzle when working on (and especially reworking) a part in the lathe. This book shows dozens of setups on odd workpieces as well as going into the construction and forces in various chucks and chucking methods. The books is somewhat dated but for most work, that isn’t going to matter in the least. The section on “lantern” type chucks is great for those that need to rework screws. I’m going to build one for myself soon!
The book is available on Amazon and from tons of other resellers. I paid $3.95 for my used copy a few years ago and it seems you can get copies used online for around $7-$15.