The 8210 Plus is a step up from the standard dust mask, although still just intended for (sanding, grinding, and sweeping) dust rather than oil based aerosols (spraypaint, etc.). You need a better mask for these — Fix It Tools has a 20 Pack of 3M 8210PLUS N95 Particulate Respirators for $11.89.
The N95 means it has 95% filtration efficiency on solid or liquid aerosols that do not contain oil. It has a braided headband (strap) and adjustable (bend the metal bridge…) nose. It’s a lot better than shoving your nose in your shirt, that’s for sure.
3M 8210PLUS Particulate Respirators N95, 20-Pack [Fixittoolsstore.com]